Who owns the city?


Political campaign — 2018










Who owns the city? is a political campaign that addresses the problem of Amsterdam’s popularity through a collection of posters. On the website vanwieisdestad.amsterdam people can share the posters on social media or download the posters for free and hang them behind their window.







My posters for vanwieisdestad.amsterdam

Who owns the city? was initiated by designer Ruben Pater, who asked me to team up, just before the municipal elections of 2018. An online collection of posters was a simple format that could be launched quickly and from there spread in an organic way, both off- and on-line. We had a few posters printed ourselves and decided to spread these through a network of social initiatives in Amsterdam. My first poster ‘Waar is onze Lieve Stad?’ was a clear reference to a quote of Amsterdam’s former mayor Eberhard van der Laan. The poster combines an emotional phrase, linked to a beloved mayor, with hard data showing the amount of tourists, hotels, airbnb’s and evicted families in Amsterdam.


Poster by Niels Otterman
Poster by Ruben Pater



Poster by Ruben Pater

Six months after the launch of our campaign new posters suddenly surfaced in the city, posters whe hadn’t printed or pasted ourselves. One of these posters was my own design, featering the iconic Nutella jar with a text that roughly translates as: I don’t like monoculture (the Dutch version has a double meaning which is lost in translation). The poster critiques the rapid rise of cheese, ice-cream and Nutella shops in the centre of the city, shops that often sell mass produced products aimed at tourists. These stores have become the symbol of a city that suffers from its own popularity, a city that is turning into an amusement park for tourists and a goldmine for investors, all the while more and more people are leaving the city because they can no longer find or afford a place to live.



A poster that multiplies like a Nutella shop







Centercom



As my name is on the poster, I received several complaints about our campaign; first from the municipality, then from a real estate agent, and finally from Centercom, an outdoor advertising company. Centercom held me responsible for a number of posters that were pasted over their paid campaigns and sent me a thousand euro invoice to pay for the damage my poster had caused. Apart from the fact that their claim is ridiculous, as I am not responsible for other people’s actions, it does touch upon the key question of our campaign: who owns the city?

Photos made by Centercom


When it comes to a simple act like putting up a poster, there is hardly any space for dissident or non-official messages. Amsterdam has official wildplakzuilen (a total of seventy one small pillars that are reserved for non-commercial messages) but these pillars are all used by outdoor advertising companies that take advantage of the city’s lack of enforcement. Meanwhile, these companies are gradually taking over our public space. Public objects such as bridges, lamp posts or electricity boxes used to be ideal objects to spread a message through posters or street art, but these objects are slowly taken over by outdoor advertising companies who make a smart deal with the city: we get the exclusive right to use this space and in return we promise to keep it clean and tidy. From an economic and regulatory point of view, this sounds like a win-win situation, but from a democratic point of view, it is not. Handing over these pieces of public space to an advertising company means less free space and more controlled space. It means less of the personal (graffiti, street art, drawings, poetry, or just weird and quirky stuff) and more of the official (advertising, official political messages, public service anouncements). In short: turning public space into corporate space dims the soul of a city. A healthy city should not only reflect the official and commercial side of its being, it should also allow for the unoffcial: the unfiltered messages of the people that live there. 


Centercom’s summons letter


The invoice that Centercom sent me symbolizes the conflicted nature of our contemporary public space. The monocultuur-posters that were pasted in Centercom’s frames are no longer a public issue, they are now a private issue; they no longer interfere with a public interest (a clean bridge or a clean wall), they interfere with a private interest (the visibility of paid campaigns). What adds to the problem is that the owners of outdoor advertising spaces (formerly known as public spaces) make sure their private interest is well protected because they understand the economic value of their acquired space. Meanwhile, municipality does not fine these corporations for using their/our wildplakzuilen as an advertising space because there is no economic interest at stake, only a public one.






The Prince



Mid April 2019, another poster suddenly surfaced in the city of Amsterdam. This poster did not feature an iconic jar or famous cartoon character, but an actual prince. To be more precise: the poster depicts Prince Bernhard of Orange, a full blood nephew of H.R.H. Willem-Alexander, king of The Netherlands. This Dutch prince happens to own no less than 349 houses in Amsterdam alone, something which earned him the nickname pandjesprins (real-estate prince). The message on the poster – The prince owns 349 houses in Amsterdam – is actually old news; many news websites such as Parool, AT5, Quote or NOS had already reported this two years prior to my design, but as it is still a relevant matter for the city, I decided to use this piece of old news to give it a new form.





The Prince with 349 Houses
••••••••




It is an honour to see that other people adopt your work and take it to the streets, investing their time, energy and money to spread a common message. This way, every poster spreads a double message: it communicates the poster’s own message, while it functions as a general sign of protest. Every poster says: if you have something to say, you can say it! If you want to tell the city something, tell it! Although Amsterdam is heavily regulated and although the space for dissident messages is limited (unless you want to pay for it), it is there, and it’s alive!



Protest




Anti-Protest




An odd battle: Loesje vs. Bernhard







Poster repost


Lecture by Anke van Haarlem at HKU - University of the Arts Utrecht

HP de Tijd
















Lecture by Joram Kraaijeveld at Pakhuis de Zwijger







 


Credits
Van wie is de stad?
Campaign, website and posters
Ruben Pater i.c.w. Yuri Veerman
2018

— Campaign
Ruben Pater i.c.w. Yuri Veerman

— Website
Non Design: Yuri Veerman
Coding: Kris Borgerink

— Posters
Ruben Pater, Niels Otterman, Dirk Vis, Yuri Veerman

Photos
All photos made by Yuri Veerman unless credited otherwise. All photos by Yuri Veerman are licensed with a Creative Commons BY-NC license.

Sources
Free Posters
All posters can be downloaded for free at our website. If you want some of the ‘Waar is Onze Lieve Stad’ posters, I have a small batch of offset printed posters that you can pick up for free at my studio.

Support
If you live in the Netherlands and want to support initiatives for social housing and more liveable cities, donate to, or contact these organizations:
Fair City Amsterdam
Bond Precaire Woonvormen

Info
Visit Ruben Pater’s website for more information about the campaign

Media
Nieuw Amsterdams Peil (NL)
Financieel Dagblad (NL)
NPO3 - Van de Week (NL)
Mr. Studenten (NL)
Platform BK (NL)
Elise Reynolds (ENG)
NRC Handelsblad (NL)
Welingelichte Kringen (NL)
Mark van der Schaaf (NL)
Quote (NL)
MSN Enterntainment (NL)
Story (NL)
Indignatie (NL)
Reddit (NL)
Mark